Publications of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas Department of Geoscience Faculty.

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Submissions from 2016

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Shock synthesis of quasicrystals with implications for their origin in asteroid collisions, P D. Asimow, C Lin, L Bindi, C Ma, Oliver Tschauner, L S. Hollister, and P J. Steinhardt

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Consensus report of the 2015 Weinman international conference on mesothelioma, M Carbone, S Kanodia, A Chao, A Miller, A Wali, D Weissman, A Adjei, F Baumann, P Boffetta, Brenda Buck, M De Perrot, A U. Dogan, S Gavett, A Gualtieri, R Hassan, M Hesdorffer, F R. Hirsch, D Larson, W Mao, S Masten, H I. Pass, J Peto, E Pira, I. Steele, A. Tsao, G A. Woodard, H. Yang, and S. Malik

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Magmatic, hydrothermal and subsolidus evolution of the agpaitic nepheline syenites of the Sushina Hill Complex, India: Implications for the metamorphism of peralkaline syenites, A Chakrabarty, R H. Mitchell, M Ren, P K. Saha, S Pal, K L. Pruseth, and A K. Sen

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Compositional heterogeneity of the Sugarloaf melilite nephelinite flow, Honolulu Volcanics, Hawai‘i, D A. Clague, F A. Frey, M O. Garcia, Shichun Huang, M McWilliams, and M H. Beeson

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Expansion and contraction of the indo-pacific tropical rain belt over the last three millennia, R F. Denniston, C C. Ummenhofer, A D. Wanamaker Jr., Matthew Lachniet, G Villarini, Y Asmerom, V J. Polyak, K J. Passaro, J Cugley, D Woods, and W F. Humphreys

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Health effects following subacute exposure to geogenic dusts from arsenic-rich sediment at the Nellis Dunes Recreation Area, Las Vegas, NV, J DeWitt, Brenda Buck, D Goossens, Q Hu, R Chow, W David, S Young, Y Teng, M Leetham-Spencer, L Murphy, J Pollard, B McLaurin, R Gerads, and D Keil

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Quantifying chemical weathering rates along a precipitation gradient on Basse-Terre Island, French Guadeloupe: New insight from U-series isotopes in weathering rinds, J M. Engel, L Ma, P B. Sak, J Gaillardet, Minghua Ren, M A. Engle, and S L. Brantley

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Structural Development and Tectonic Role of the Arrowhead Mine Fault, Pahranagat Shear Zone, Nevada, Michael Evans and Wanda J. Taylor

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Magmas and their sources: A special issue honoring Frederick A. Frey, M O. Garcia, J M. Rhodes, Shichun Huang, and R Hickey-Vargas

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Effect of a motorcycle helmet on the airborne dust concentration near a rider’s nose and mouth: wind tunnel study and field test, D Goossens and Brenda Buck

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Whole rock and discrete pyrite geochemistry as complementary tracers of ancient ocean chemistry: An example from the Neoproterozoic Doushantuo Formation, China, D D. Gregory, T W. Lyons, R R. Large, Ganqing Jiang, A S. Stepanov, C W. Diamond, M C. Figueroa, and P Olin

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Compositional variation within thick (>10 m) flow units of Mauna Kea Volcano cored by the Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project, Shichun Huang, M J. Vollinger, F A. Frey, J M. Rhodes, and Q Zhang

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Source region analyses of the morainal detritus from the Grove Mountains: Evidence from the subglacial geology of the Ediacaran-Cambrian Prydz Belt of East Antarctica, J Hu, Minghua Ren, Y Zhao, X Liu, and H Chen

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Is the mantle chemically stratified? Insights from sound velocity modeling and isotope evolution of an early magma ocean, E Hyung, Shichun Huang, M I. Petaev, and S B. Jacobsen

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Hydraulic bridges in unsaturated coarse granular media: Influence of bridge size and conductivity on flow through clasts, Jeevan A Jayakody and Michael Nicholl

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Large Igneous Provinces, Their Giant Mafic Dyke Swarms, and Links to Metallogeny, Simon Jowitt and R E. Ernst

On wholeness and the implicate order in crystals and its implications for consciousness studies, Shirin Kaboli

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Immunotoxicological and neurotoxicological profile of health effects following subacute exposure to geogenic dust from sand dunes at the Nellis Dunes Recreation Area, Las Vegas, NV, D Keil, Brenda Buck, D Goossens, Y Teng, M Leetham, L Murphy, J Pollard, M Eggers, B McLaurin, R Gerads, and J DeWitt

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Health effects from exposure to atmospheric mineral dust near Las Vegas, NV, USA, D E. Keil, Brenda Buck, D Goossens, Y Teng, J Pollard, B McLaurin, R Gerads, and J DeWitt

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Hydrophilanthropy gone wrong-How well-meaning scientists, engineers, and the general public can make the worldwide water and sanitation situation worse, Dave Kreamer

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A Speleothem Record of Great Basin Paleoclimate: The Leviathan Chronology, Nevada, Matthew Lachniet

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Isoscapes of δ18O and δ2H reveal climatic forcings on Alaska and Yukon precipitation, Matthew Lachniet, D E. Lawson, H Stephen, A R. Sloat, and W P. Patterson

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Investigating palygorskite’s role in the development of mesothelioma in southern Nevada: Insights into fiber-induced carcinogenicity, D Larson, A Powers, J P. Ambrosi, M Tanji, A Napolitano, E G. Flores, F Baumann, L Pellegrini, C J. Jennings, Brenda Buck, B T. McLaurin, D Merkler, C Robinson, P Morris, M Dogan, A U. Dogan, H I. Pass, S Pastorino, M Carbone, and H Yang

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Oxidative stress and lung pathology following geogenic dust exposure, M Leetham, J DeWitt, Brenda Buck, D Goossens, Yuanxin Teng, J Pollard, B McLaurin, R Gerads, and D Keil

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Comparison of the multifractal characteristics of heavy metals in soils within two areas of contrasting economic activities in China, X Li, X Li, F Yuan, Simon Jowitt, T Zhou, K Yang, J Zhou, X Hu, and Y Li

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Modeling background radiation using geochemical data: A case study in and around Cameron, Arizona, Kara E Marsac, P C. Burnley, C T. Adcock, D A. Haber, R L. Malchow, and E M. Hausrath

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Mid-to-Late Holocene Packrat Midden Data from the Shivwits Plateau Record: An Eastward Contraction of the North American Monsoon, Stephen M. Rowland and Dana Olsen

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Oceanic oxygenation events in the anoxic Ediacaran ocean, Swapan K Sahoo, N J. Planavsky, Ganqing Jiang, B Kendall, J D. Owens, X Wang, X Shi, A D. Anbar, and T W. Lyons

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The end of the Ediacaran: Two new exceptionally preserved body fossil assemblages from Mount Dunfee, Nevada, USA, E F. Smith, L L. Nelson, M A. Strange, A E. Eyster, Steve Rowland, D P. Schrag, and F A. Macdonald

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New U-Pb age constraints on the upper Banxi Group and synchrony of the Sturtian glaciation in South China, G Song, X Wang, X Shi, and Ganqing Jiang

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Cadomian (~560 Ma) crust buried beneath the northern Arabian Peninsula: Mineral, chemical, geochronological, and isotopic constraints from NE Jordan xenoliths, R J. Stern, K A. Ali, Minghua Ren, G H. Jarrar, R L. Romer, M I. Leybourne, M J. Whitehouse, and K M. Ibrahim

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First report of the Ediacaran cloudinid fossil Conotubus in North America and its apparent preservation by direct precipitatio of iron oxides and iron-rich aluminosilicates, Michael A. Strange and Stephen M. Rowland

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Extremely low oxygen concentration in mid-Proterozoic shallow seawaters, D Tang, X Shi, X Wang, and Ganqing Jiang

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Phase transformations and indications for acoustic mode softening in Tb-Gd orthophosphate, Oliver Tschauner, S V. Ushakov, A Navrotsky, and L A. Boatner

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Hydrothermal zircon geochronology: Age constraint on Nanling Range tungsten mineralization (Southeast China), X Wang, J Chen, and Minghua Ren

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Paired carbonate and organic carbon isotope variations of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation from an upper slope section at Siduping, South China, Xinqiang Wang, Ganqing Jiang, X Shi, and S Xiao

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Assessing the energy requirements and global warming potential of the production of rare earth elements, Z Weng, N Haque, G M. Mudd, and Simon Jowitt

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Fault-related fold styles and progressions in fold-thrust belts: Insights from sandbox modeling, D P. Yan, Y B. Xu, Z B. Dong, L Qiu, S Zhang, and Michael Wells

Submissions from 2015

Kinematics and Timing of Deformation of Nellis Dunes Recreational Area, Nellis, Nevad, Shaimaa Abdelhaleem and Wanda J. Taylor

Educational experiences for K-12 in the Earth and Planetary Sciences, C. T. Adcock and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

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Investigations of Shock Effects on Phosphate Minerals in Extraterrestrial Materials, C. T. Adcock, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, Oliver D. Tschauner, and Arya Udry

Phosphate release: The effect of prebiotic organic compounds on dissolution of Mars-relevant phosphate minerals, C. L. Bartlett, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and C. T. Adcock

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Reply to “No Increased Risk for Mesothelioma in Relation to Natural-Occurring Asbestos in Southern Nevada”, Francine Baumann, Brenda J. Buck, Rodney V. Metcalf, Brett T. McLaurin, Doug Merkler, and Michele Carbone

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The Presence of Asbestos in the Natural Environment is Likely Related to Mesothelioma in Young Individuals and Women from Southern Nevada, Francine Baumann, Brenda J. Buck, Rodney V. Metcalf, Brett T. McLaurin, Douglas J. Merkler, and Michele Carbone

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Biogeochemical Weathering of Serpentinites: An Examination of Incipient Dissolution Affecting Serpentine Soil Formation, Julie L. Baumeister, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, Amanda A. Olsen, Oliver Tschauner, Christopher T. Adcock, and Rodney V. Metcalf

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Elastic plastic self-consistent (EPSC) modeling of plastic deformation in fayalite olivine, Pamela C. Burnley

Examining the Spatial Scale of Variations in Terrestrial Gamma-Ray Background Over Individual Bedrock Geologic Units., Pamela Burnley, Adela Fernandez, Jeremiah Smith, Alex Goya, Daniel Haber, Racheal Johnsen, Kara E. Marsac, and Russell Malchow

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Assessing hydrodynamic effects on jarosite dissolution rates, reaction products, and preservation on Mars, Emily M. Dixon, Andrew S. Elwood Madden, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and Megan E. Elwood Madden

Low temperature anhydrite precipitation in flowing brines: Implications for calcium sulfate phases observed on Mars, M. E. Elwood Madden, E. M. Dixon, A. S. Elwood Madden, B. R. Pritchett, and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Weathering profiles at Mawrth Vallis yield insight into the aqueous history and potential habitability of Mars, S. R. Gainey, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and J. A. Hurowitz

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Surface and Airborne Arsenic Concentrations in a Recreational Site near Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, Dirk Goossens, Brenda J. Buck, Yuanxin Teng, and Brett T. McLaurin

Toward a Predictive Model for Background Radiation: Predicting Gamma Exposure Rates in the Twin Peaks Volcanic Field, Utah, US., Racheal L. Johnsen, Pamela C. Burnley, and Russell Malchow

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Predictive Radiological Background Distributions from Geologic Data, Russell Malchow, Pamela C. Burnley, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, Kara Marsac, Daniel Haber, and Christopher Adcock

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Forsterite Dissolution Rates in MG-Sulfate-Rich Mars-Analog Brines, and Implications for the Aqueous History of Mars, Amanda Albright Olsen, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and J Donald Rimstidt

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Micromorphology and formation of pedogenic ooids in calcic soils and petrocalcic horizons, Colin R. Robins, Annika Deurlington, Brenda J. Buck, and Amy L. Brock-Hon

Phase Equilibria and Compressibility of bastnaesite-(La) Abstract, Richard Lee Rowland II and Pamela C. Burnley

Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument---the Mojave Desert's Newest National Park Service Unit, Stephen M. Rowland

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Paleontology and Paleoclimatology of the Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument and Adjacent Nevada State Parks Land, Stephen M. Rowland and Joshua W. Bonde

The history-of-life poster series of Austrian artist Fritz Zerritsch: a mid-twentieth century European example of paleontological iconography, Stephen M. Rowland and Jane P. Davidson

Age profile of terminal Pleistocene Columbian mammoths from the Tule Springs Fossil Beds of Southern Nevada, Stephen M. Rowland and Lauren E. Parry

Zeolite weathering in laboratory and natural settings, and implications for Mars, R. E. Schofield, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and S. R. Gainey

Evaluating Variations in Uranium, Thorium and Potassium Content in the Pierre Shale using National Uranium Resource Evaluation Aerial Gamma-Ray Survey Data, Jeremiah Smith, Pamela C. Burnley, Daniel Haber, and Russell Malchow

Dissolution of nontronite in brines and implications for habitable environments on Mars, M. H. Steiner, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and M. E. Elwood Madden

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A coupled modeling approach to predict water quality in Lake Taihu, China: linkage to climate change projections, Chunyan Tang, Yiping Li, Peng Jiang, Zhongbo Yu, and Kumud Acharya

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The mobility of Nb in rutile-saturated NaCl- and NaF-bearing aqueous fluids from 1–6.5 GPa and 300–800 °C, Elizabeth A. Tanis, Adam Simon, Oliver D. Tschauner, Paul Chow, Yuming Xiao, Pamela C. Burnley, Christopher J. Cline, John M. Hanchar, Thomas Pettke, Guoyin Shen, and Yusheng Zhao

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Lithium isotopes and light lithophile element abundances in shergottites: Evidence for both magmatic degassing and subsolidus diffusion, Arya Udry, Harry Y. McSween, Richard L. Hervig, and Lawrence A. Taylor

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Basalt Weathering in an Arctic Mars-Analog Site, Tiffany Yesavage, Aaron Thompson, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and Susan L. Brantley

Submissions from 2014

Reactive transport modeling of phosphate mineral dissolution in high-P martian rocks, C. T. Adcock and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

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Modeling Background Radiation in our Environment using Geochemical data, Pamela Burnley, Russell Malchow, Daniel Harber, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and Chris Adcock

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Formation of aqueous minerals: Implications for the past habitability of Mars, S. R. Grainey, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, J. A. Hurowitz, and O. Tschauner

Using geochemical kinetics to interpret potential habitability, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, C. T. Adcock, M. E. Elwood Madden, S. R. Gainey, A. A. Olsen, and M. H. Steiner

Experimental evidence suggests significant aqueous alteration of abundant phosphorus release on Mars, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, C. T. Adcock, S. R. Gainey, M. H. Steiner, and V. M. Tu

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Genesis and Health Risk Implications of an Unusual Occurrence of Fibrous NaFe3+-amphibole, Rodney V. Metcalf and Brenda J. Buck

Unusual Occurrences of Asbestiform Amphibole Near Populated Areas of Southern Nevada, USA, Rodney V. Metcalf, Brenda J. Buck, and Brett T. McLaurin

Possible Association of Ferrous Phosphates and Ferric Sulfates in Hydrothermal Deposits in Gusev Crater, Mars, C. Schröder, J. Mao, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, R. V. Morris, S. W. Squyres, and S. B. Haderlein

Dissolution of nontronite by high ionic strength brines and implications for habitable environments on Mars, M. H. Steiner, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and R. E. Schofield

Serpentinite Dissolution: An Analog To Mantle-Ocean Interaction On Europa, A R. Taylor, Amanda A. Olsen, and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Submissions from 2013

Interpretation of phosphate mobility on Mars based on terrestrial Mars-analog basalts and reactive transport modeling, C. T. Adcock and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Clay mineral precipitation and implications for Mars, S. R. Gainey, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and J. A. Hurowitz

Synthesis of potential phosphate mineral biosignatures under Mars-relevant conditions, M. H. Steiner, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and H. J. Sun

Dissolution of amorphous Al- and Fe-phosphates: Implications for phosphate mobility on Mars, V. M. Tu and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Submissions from 2012

The dissolution rate of whitlockite and implications for the habitability of early Mars, C. T. Adcock and Elisabeth M. Hausrath University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Kinetics of Nontronite Dissolution and Implications for Mars, S. R. Gainey, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and J. A. Hurowitz

Dissolution of olivine, siderite and basalt at 80°C in 0.1 M H2SO4 in a flow-through process: Insights into acidic weathering on Mars, D. C. Golden, D. W. Ming, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, R. V. Morris, P. B. Niles, C. N. Achilles, D. K. Ross, B. L. Cooper, C. P. Gonzalez, and S. A. Mertzman

Interpreting phosphate mobility on Mars and the implications for habitability, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, C. T. Adcock, and V. Tu

Phosphate records environmental conditions important to habitability in soils and rocks on Mars, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, C. T. Adcock, and V. M. Tu

Biogeochemical weathering of serpentinites: An examination of the first reactions controlling serpentine soil formation, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, A. A. Olsen, J. L. Baumeister, E. Yardley, M. Bodkin, and K. Negrich

Laboratory experiments on Mars-relevant clay and phosphate minerals yield insights into the aqueous history and potential for habitability on Mars, E. M. Hausrath, C. T. Adcock, S. R. Gainey, J. A. Hurowitz, and V. M. Tu

Multiple smaller missions as a direct pathway to Mars sample return, P. B. Niles, P. Abell, J. Andrews-Hanna, P. D. Archer, A. M. Baldridge, J. F. Bell, J. Bishop, J. E. Bleacher, M. C. Bourke, A. J. Brown, and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Dissolution rates of amorphous Al-and Fe-phosphates and their relevance to Mars, V. M. Tu and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Submissions from 2011

Dissolution rates and mineral lifetimes for phosphate-containing minerals and implications for Mars, C. T. Adcock and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Synthesis of phosphate minerals for use in dissolution experiments, C. T. Adcock, Adam C. Simon, and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Chemical Weathering of Serpentinites in the Klamath Mountains, California, Julie L. Baumeister, Valerie Tu, Mary H. Evert, Rodney V. Metcalf, Amanda A. Olsen, and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Hydrothermal and pedogenic carbonates constrain liquid water on Mars, Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Reactive transport modeling of phosphate mobility under Mars-like conditions, Elisabeth M. Hausrath and V. M. Tu

The impact of creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) and biological soil crust on Ca distribution in arid soils of the Mojave Desert, Southern Nevada, B. Myers, Elisabeth M. Hausrath, and S. McDonnell

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Serpentinite Weathering and Implications for Mars, Valerie M. Tu, Julie L. Baumeister, Rodney V. Metcalf, A. Olsen, and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Submissions from 2010

Kinetic studies of phosphate-containing minerals and implications for Mars, C. T. Adcock and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Chemical weathering rates of olivine and serpentine in natural environments, J. L. Baumeister, V. Tu, A. A. Olsen, and Elisabeth M. Hausrath

Phosphate mobility in a Mars analog environment, J. W. Cornell and Elisabeth M. Hausrath