Location

Greenspun Hall, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Description

Cross-national studies of imprisonment rates have examined the social, political, and economic conditions associated with criminal punishments. However, because of the higher numbers of male incarcerated and the lack of national data disaggregated by gender, most previous research on imprisonment rates has focused directly or indirectly on the socio-economic predictors of male imprisonment rates. Using disaggregated data for 128 nations, the current study employs the method of conjunctive analysis to explore the unique and common effects of particular social conditions that underlie female incarceration rates. Measures of nations’ social development, violent crime rates, socio-economic inequality, and political instability are used for this comparative analysis. The results of this study are discussed in terms of their implications for macro-level theories and using conjunctive analysis to evaluate them. Future research involving gender-specific causes of cross-national differences in female imprisonment will also be discussed.

Disciplines

Comparative Politics | Criminology and Criminal Justice

Language

English

Comments

First Place Award Winner, 7th Annual GCUA Graduate Research Symposium

Available for download on Wednesday, April 18, 2018


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Apr 18th, 1:00 AM Apr 18th, 3:00 AM

Exploring Cross-National Differences in the Incarceration of Women: A Conjunctive Analysis Approach

Greenspun Hall, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Cross-national studies of imprisonment rates have examined the social, political, and economic conditions associated with criminal punishments. However, because of the higher numbers of male incarcerated and the lack of national data disaggregated by gender, most previous research on imprisonment rates has focused directly or indirectly on the socio-economic predictors of male imprisonment rates. Using disaggregated data for 128 nations, the current study employs the method of conjunctive analysis to explore the unique and common effects of particular social conditions that underlie female incarceration rates. Measures of nations’ social development, violent crime rates, socio-economic inequality, and political instability are used for this comparative analysis. The results of this study are discussed in terms of their implications for macro-level theories and using conjunctive analysis to evaluate them. Future research involving gender-specific causes of cross-national differences in female imprisonment will also be discussed.