This project will examine inert matrix fuels containing ZrO2 and MgO as the inert matrix, with the relative amount of MgO varied from 30% to 70% in ZrO2. Reactor physics calculations will be used to examine suitable quantities of burnable poisons from the candidate elements Gd, Er, or Hf with reactor grade Pu providing the fissile component, with up to 10 % of 239Pu. Ceramics will be synthesized and characterized based on the reactor physics results. The solubility the fuel ceramics, in reactor conditions, reprocessing conditions, and repository conditions, will be investigated in a manner to provide thermodynamic data necessary for modeling.
The fuel matrix will be designed based on neutronic properties, repository behavior, and reprocessing characteristics. The matrix should be as neutron transparent as possible. Burnable poisons will be used to maintain constant reactivity. The matrix should also act as a suitable host form for fission products and actinides in a repository environment. Finally, the matrix should be compatible with reprocessing schemes under development in the advanced fuel cycle.
The synthesis of ceramics for further studies is ongoing. The development and finalization of methods and equipment for conducting dissolution experiments have been achieved in the current quarter.
Ceramics; Mixed oxide fuels (Nuclear engineering); Nuclear chemistry; Nuclear fuels; Plutonium; Solid oxide fuel cells; Zirconium
Ceramic Materials | Nuclear | Nuclear Engineering | Oil, Gas, and Energy
Dissolution, Reactor, and Environmental Behavior of ZrO2-MgO Inert Fuel Matrix: Quarterly Report, April 2005 to June 2005.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/hrc_trp_fuels/63