University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Center for Academic Enrichment and Outreach
Background: Prevalence of tobacco use is 3 times higher for those seeking substance abuse treatment than those in the general population. Clinical practice guidelines recommend addressing smoking cessation. This population has more difficulty quitting than the general population. Methods: This paper analyzes predictors of smoking behavior and readiness to quit in patients enrolled in addiction treatment programs. Data from six substance abuse treatment centers was collected. A total of 235 clients were surveyed on their smoking attitudes and behaviors. Results: Survey data from 139 current smokers was analyzed. In logistic regression analyses predicting readiness to quit smoking, and controlling for cigarettes per day, and demographic variables, smoking attitudes, perceived risk of lung cancer and awareness of FDA tobacco regulations were significant predictors. Only smoking attitude was significant, controlling for demographic variables, when predicting cigarettes per day. There was an inverse relationship with FDA awareness when predicting readiness to quit. Future analyses will be needed to look at FDA awareness and readiness to quit since this was not an expected outcome. Conclusions: Smoking attitudes and perceived self-risk for lung cancer were significant predictors of readiness to quit and cigarettes per day. Improving attitudes toward smoking cessation and increasing perceptions about health risks may help programs address quitting in this population.
Cigarette smokers; Cigarette smokers--Attitudes; Lungs--Cancer; Smoking; Smoking--Health aspects Smoking cessation; Substance abuse; Substance abuse--Patients; Substance abuse--Treatment; Tobacco; Tobacco use
Medicine and Health Sciences | Mental and Social Health | Substance Abuse and Addiction
Predictors of Smoking Behavior and Readiness to Quit in Addiction Treatment.
Available at: http://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/mcnair_posters/30