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Keywords

Caregivers; Caregivers--Services for; Chronic diseases—Prevention; Cultural competence; Demography; Education; Health; Hispanic Americans; Older people--Medical care; Population; Public health; Unemployment

Abstract

Even with a leveling-off of population growth from 2008 to 2011, Southern Nevada had one of the fastest growing populations in the nation over the past decade. While population growth is projected to increase for the next ten years, the rate of growth will be slower than in the past decade. The Hispanic population, as a percentage of the total population, is projected to surpass the White population somewhere near the year 2030. The Southern Nevada population is aging, as the median age in the region increased between 2000 and 2010. The 65+ age group is projected to increase as a percentage of the total population. Public health programs will be necessary to meet the unique needs of these two segments of the population. The region will need culturally competent health care providers and public health programs and an increase in geriatric care availability, chronic disease prevention, and caregiver support.

Southern NV residents had a higher median household income and a lower percentage of people living below the poverty level when compared to the nation. However, compared to peer regions, Southern Nevada had a lower percentage of residents with a Bachelor’s degree or graduate/professional degree and highest rates of unemployment. These findings are of concern because of the relationship between health and education and the health consequences of being unemployment.