China; International relations; Student exchange programs; United States


The relationship between China and the United States has been complex and often tense. In the second half of the twentieth century, both countries experienced ups and downs in their diplomatic, cultural, and political relationship. An important part of this relationship included the strains of the student exchange program. Because of the tension between the U.S. and China, these educational exchanges ended in 1950 and did not resume until the United States officially recognized the Peoples Republic of China in 1979. After this point, education exchange between China and United States grew and expanded. To understand this growth, many aspects of the academic exchange program will be analyzed, including the advantages and disadvantages of academic exchange between China and the U.S., the experiences and problems of students studying in each country, historical events and controversy that have affected this exchange, and the current state of the exchange program. Since 1979, the education exchange between China and the U.S. has been mostly beneficial for improving their relations despite the problems it experienced.