National Renewable Energy Laboratory
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This paper provides an overview of the challenges associated with wind integration and summarizes the findings of the wind integration studies conducted over the course of the past five years. We begin with an overview of the approximate time frames used in grid operations. We then describe how wind integration studies are conducted, discuss the results on wind integration costs and grid impacts from these grid integration studies, and assess some of the grid planning and operation changes that may be necessary to incorporate higher levels of wind generation. We close with several conclusions.
Buildings systems; Electric grid; Electricity; Energy reliability; Energy storage; Infrastructure planning; Resources; Wind energy
Oil, Gas, and Energy | Power and Energy
Wind energy and power system operations: A review of wind integration studies to date.
Available at: http://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/renew_pubs/18