Award Date

8-2011

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Materials and Nuclear Engineering

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Committee Member

Brendan O’Toole, Chair

Second Committee Member

Mohamed Trabia

Third Committee Member

Longzhou Ma

Graduate Faculty Representative

Pradip Bhowmik

Number of Pages

82

Abstract

Two Ni-base solid-solution-strengthened superalloys: INCONEL 617 and HAYNES 230 were studied to check sustained loading crack growth (SLCG) behavior at elevated temperatures appropriate for Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) applictaions with constant stress intensity factor (K max = 27.75 MPa[checkmark]m) in air. The results indicate a time-dependent rate controlling process which can be characterized by a linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) parameter - stress intensity factor (K). At elevated temperatures, the crack growth mechanism was best described using a damage zone concept. Based on results and study, SAGBOE (stress accelerated grain boundary oxidation embrittlement) is considered the primary reason for time-dependent SLCG. A thermodynamic equation was considered to correlate all the SLCG results to determine the thermal activation energy in the process. A phenomenological model based on a time-dependent factor was developed considering the previous researcher's time-dependent fatigue crack propagation (FCP) results and current SLCG results to relate cycle-dependent and time-dependent FCP for both alloys. Further study includes hold time (3+300s) fatigue testing and no hold (1s) fatigue testing with various load ratios (R) at 700°C with a K max of 27.75 MPa[checkmark]m. Study results suggest an interesting point: crack growth behavior is significantly affected with the change in R value in cycle-dependent process whereas in time-dependent process, change in R does not have any significant effect. Fractography study showed intergranular cracking mode for all time-dependent processes and transgranular cracking mode for cycle-dependent processes. In Alloy 230, SEM images display intergranular cracking with carbide particles, dense oxides and dimple mixed secondary cracks for time-dependent 3+300s FCP and SLCG test. In all cases, Alloy 230 shows better crack growth resistance compared to Alloy 617.

Keywords

Load ratio; Metals – Fatigue; Nickel alloys – Cracking; Nickel-base alloys; Nuclear power plants; Strains and stresses; Sustained load crack

Disciplines

Heat Transfer, Combustion | Materials Science and Engineering | Metallurgy | Oil, Gas, and Energy

Language

English


Share

COinS