Award Date

5-1-2013

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Nursing

First Committee Member

Michele Clark

Second Committee Member

Mary Bondmass

Third Committee Member

Tish Smyer

Fourth Committee Member

Vicki Rosser

Number of Pages

262

Abstract

The literature has inconsistent findings on the impact of an induced abortion on a woman's physical and psychological well-being. The purposes of this survey research design using correlation and multiple regression analyses were to determine the relationship between protective factors, risk factors, resilience, and outcomes (positive or negative). Additionally, this study investigated whether resilience, protective factors, and risk factors could be predictive of positive or negative outcomes following induced abortion. A convenience sample of 216 women was recruited nationally from hospitals, clinics, and various organizations. Inclusion criteria included women, 18 years of age or older, living in the United States, able to read English at a 5th grade level, history of one or more induced abortions at any time, and willingness to give informed consent. Online survey questionnaires using Survey Monkey were used to collect the data. Descriptive statistics including frequencies, means, and standard deviations were used to describe the demographic variables. Correlation and multiple regression analyses were carried out to answer the research questions by testing the hypotheses of the study. There is sufficient evidence to indicate that individual protective factors are positively correlated with resilience. There is sufficient evidence to indicate that increased numbers of protective factors are positively correlated with resilience. There is sufficient evidence to indicate that individual risk factors are negatively correlated with protective factors and resilience. There is sufficient evidence to indicate that increased numbers of risk factors is negatively correlated with protective factors and resilience. There is sufficient evidence to indicate that positive outcome is positively correlated with protective factors and resilience. There is sufficient evidence to indicate that negative outcome was negatively correlated with protective factors and resilience. Two multiple regression analyses indicated that resilience was not significantly predictive of positive outcome. The significant predictors of positive outcome were Herth Hope Index (HHI), Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS), parents/participant negative score, and homeownership. Resilience was significantly predictive of a negative outcome. The significant predictors of negative outcome were Resilience Scale (RS), Spiritual Well-Being (SWBS), Effectiveness in Obtaining Resources (EOR), and employment status.

Keywords

Abortion; Adaptation; Influence; Predictors; Resilience

Disciplines

Nursing | Psychology

Language

English


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