Award Date

May 2015

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Nursing

First Committee Member

Patricia T. Alpert

Second Committee Member

Du Feng

Third Committee Member

Jennifer Kawi

Fourth Committee Member

Michelle Chino

Number of Pages

153

Abstract

Health care providers are members of a helping profession and need to provide quality care to all members of society. As a result of current and projected demographic changes within the United States (U.S.), health care professionals are faced with the challenges of providing culturally competent care and fulfilling the role as the “helping profession.” From 2000 to 2010, the Asian population increased by 43.3%, the Hispanic population grew by 43%, the Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander population increased by 35.4%, the American Indian or Alaskan Native population increased by 18.4%, and the African American population increased by 12.3%. Just as it is necessary for health care professionals to respond to the increase in the geriatric population as a result of the baby boomer generation, it is crucial to address the needs of an increasingly culturally diverse population in the U.S. Preparing to care for a culturally diverse population begins during the teaching and learning process in the nursing curriculum. This study intended to identify the predictors of cultural competence in the baccalaureate degree nursing curriculum. Specifically, predictors examined included selected demographic variables, the use of a stand-alone course on cultural concepts, integration of cultural concepts throughout the curriculum, and the use of a cultural immersion experience.

Josepha Campinha-Bacote’s model titled “The Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Health Care Services” was used as the theoretical framework to guide this study. Campinha-Bacote has studied transcultural nursing and has added to the current body of nursing knowledge with regard to incorporating cultural concepts in the nursing curriculum. This model requires health care professionals to see themselves as becoming culturally competent rather than being culturally competent and involves the integration of cultural awareness, cultural skill, cultural knowledge, cultural encounters, and cultural desire.

Statistical analyses were conducted using descriptive statistics, correlational analysis, and multiple regression. Cronbach alpha coefficient was used to measure internal consistency reliability and exploratory factor analysis, specifically principal components analysis, was run to provide evidence of construct validity of the research tool once data were analyzed. Correlational analysis findings revealed that the variables of significance were race/ethnicity, number of months practicing, and participation in a cultural immersion experience. Reliability analysis revealed good internal consistency and factor analysis provided evidence of construct validity of the tool used to measure perceived level of cultural competence in this study.

Implications for nursing education included: (a) enabling faculty members to plan teaching methods pertaining to cultural content; (b) preparing graduates that are better able to serve the needs of current health care consumers as it relates to specific cultural needs; and (c) determining a starting point for further research related to the predictors of cultural competence and faculty-preparedness in teaching cultural content.

Keywords

baccalaureate degree nursing; cultural awareness; cultural competence; cultural concepts; culture; curriculum

Disciplines

Nursing

Language

English


Included in

Nursing Commons

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