Award Date

May 2016

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)

Department

Environmental and Occupational Health

First Committee Member

Sheniz Moonie

Second Committee Member

Guogen Shan

Third Committee Member

Carolee D. Francis

Fourth Committee Member

Michele Clark

Number of Pages

56

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is among the most frequently occurring chronic conditions, affecting 28 million adults in the Nation. The Nevada diabetes prevalence rate is approaching the National average, with 1 out of 4 diabetic patients experiencing serious clinical complications. Diabetes is typically preceded by a preventable condition classified as prediabetes, in which the blood sugar level exceeds the normal level, yet not enough to be classified as Type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes increases the risk of developing diabetes within 10 years, if not effectively managed. In an attempt to help reduce this risk, the CDC recently introduced an evidence-based intervention, the National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) that aims to delay the onset of diabetes mellitus in people having prediabetes or those predisposed to having diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this current study is to assess the effect of the NDPP upon the change in weight and physical activity status of participants. A total of 66 subjects were recruited from the employees of Wyndham vacation resort, United Healthcare, and center of the Dignity Health organization, following the selection criteria provided by the CDC. This study assessed the secondary data obtained from the Women’s Center of Dignity Health. The study utilized multiple logistic and linear regression, pearson’s correlation, and one way ANOVA for assessing the association, and group differences among the variables used. The results of the logistic regression indicated that the odds of achieving the desired weight loss goal is 24% more likely for each additional session attended in the intervention. Moreover, the linear regression model suggested that number of sessions significantly predict the physical activity minutes achieved and percentage of weight loss. It was also determined that for every increase in session, there will be an increase in physical activity minutes of 8.3 minutes and decrease in weight by 0.3 % from the baseline.The findings of this study may suggest an effective intervention for regulating the modifiable risk factors for lowering the risk of diabetes mellitus. In addition, this study may propose an avenue of prospective research for ascertaining sustainability of behavior change and performing outcome evaluation of the program among future intervention participants.

Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus; Evidence based; Intervention; National Diabetes Prevention Program; Prediabetes

Disciplines

Public Health

Language

English


Included in

Public Health Commons

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