Master of Arts in Psychology
Christopher Kearney, Committee Chair
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Graduate Faculty Representative
Number of Pages
Child maltreatment affects thousands of youths in the United States and poses numerous detrimental effects to individuals, families, and the community. Neglect is the most commonly reported and least studied form of child maltreatment. All types of child maltreatment may result in negative outcomes, but the chronic and pervasive nature of child neglect poses a significant threat to child development. No studies have been published evaluating the role of child neglect in the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and PTSD-related symptoms. This study examined whether neglect has an additive traumatic effect on maltreated youth. The first hypothesis was that youths who had experienced only neglect, in the absence of other maltreatment, would exhibit PTSD, dissociation, and depression symptoms similar to peers who had a history of other maltreatment. The second hypothesis was that youths who had experienced neglect in concert with other maltreatment would exhibit more severe symptoms of PTSD, dissociation, and depression than youths who had experienced maltreatment without neglect. The third hypothesis was that gender, age, and specific family factors will influence symptom severity of PTSD, dissociation, and depression. Study findings indicate that youths who experienced neglect exhibited PTSD-related symptoms similar to adolescents who experienced other forms of maltreatment. Results did not support the notion that neglect has an additive traumatic effect on maltreated youth, as youths who experienced neglect and other maltreatment in concert did not exhibit more PTSD-related symptoms than youth who experienced maltreatment without neglect. Specific family environment variables correlated with PTSD-related symptoms. Female participants exhibited significantly more PTSD, depression, and dissociative symptoms than male participants. A discussion of study results indicates that all types of child maltreatment may lead to similar PTSD-related symptoms due to biological stress responses. Individual, family, and social support factors relate to PTSD and influence trauma reactions.
Child abuse; Child development; Child maltreatment; Child neglect; Neglect; Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Child Psychology | Clinical Psychology | Family, Life Course, and Society | Psychology
Wechsler, Adrianna Rachel, "Child neglect and trauma: The additive traumatic effects of neglect on maltreated adolescents" (2009). UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones. 82.