Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal


Asians, ballroom dance, enjoyment, exercise, Filipino Americans, physical activity, minority, PACES


To advance knowledge about ways to promote physical activity in Filipino Americans, this feasibility study evaluated whether they enjoyed ballroom dancing and at the same time tested the validity of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) for assessing enjoyment in this population. This study consisted of a single group of healthy Filipino Americans (N = 41) aged between 35 and 65 years residing in southern Nevada. Participants danced 45 min per week for 12 weeks and completed the PACES questionnaire to measure enjoyment at two time points (Week 4 and Week 12). Four participants dropped out during Weeks 2 to 5. Thirty-seven participants completed the 12 consecutive dance sessions. Descriptive statistics, paired- sample t test, Pearson correlation, and a mixed-model ANCOVA were used for data analysis. Principal components analysis assessed the construct validity of the PACES. The mean age of the sample was 50.7 years. On average, the participants’ PACES score significantly improved from Week 4 to Week 12. Age was negatively correlated with perceived enjoyment of dancing. In terms of the validity and reliability of the PACES, high construct validity and internal consistency of the PACES were noted. This study described the effectiveness of ballroom dance as a form of physical activity among first-generation Filipino Americans and confirmed the appropriateness of the PACES for assessing enjoyment in this population. Ballroom dance has the potential to promote physical activity and improve the cardiovascular outcomes of Filipino Americans and other populations who are at risk of heart disease.