Art Cognification in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

ICAF 2018

Publisher Location

Seoul, Korea


The Fourth Industrial Revolution has changed society, economy, culture, and people. It is also moving towards an impact on a human being as “Smart and Intelligent” way through everyday life. According to the Schwab’s statement in the 2016 World Economic Forum, “we are at the beginning of a revolution that is fundamentally changing the way we live, work and relate to one another,” the revolution focuses on everything human-centered. In the meanwhile, art belongs to human beings and it can never be an independent entity as long as humans are active. Because art appears as aesthetic nature by human sensation, it is visible when a human pays attention to the art. In the Fourth Industrial Revolution, art is not easy to distinguish between being natural and artificial. This phenomenon underpins that art has been identified by various adoptions and implementations with physical, digital and biological congnification which are primary input technologies in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. While the ubiquitous digital technologies are living with us every day, we appreciate many advantages such as availability, portability, sustainability, and functionality. However, we would be faced with missing the significant value of human beings if there is a lack of artistic human sensation. This presentation brings a significant concern of the role of art through several examples in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. For instance, an artificial-intelligent robot-arm cooking can provide convenient service for physical disable person or for someone who doesn't have time to cook. However, users abandon emotional creativity in which human brain interacts with five senses (taste, sight, touch, smell, and sound) during a cooking activity. In another example with artificial intelligent painting work, we may reconsider the artistic value of creative identity compared with nature of art by the artist. Moreover, wearable tech-products provide an informative function by the access to human brain, body and even emotion for analyzing collected user's databases. Without reflecting personalized flexibility, however, those products are not possible integrated into the human being. While most technologies are appearing as smart and intelligent changes in the Fourth Industrial Revolution, we will have to look for an infrastructural relationship with other technologies. Artistic influence or an impact value on the art revolution in human being is a significant consideration for not only existing authentic arts, but also co-existing with other transformations in human being. We perceive the new technology as an effective, efficient and innovative cognification. We are aware of that art is a significant key to human interaction with future science and technology. We, however, as artists should know what to prepare for human interaction with art and how to implement it for sustainable value in human beings. We should obtain a broad knowledge of high intelligent creativity for using the new technology as another infrastructure. An impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution will definitely cultivate a new history of art with future technology, but the nature of art can be obscured in terms of overwhelming technology influenced by cognification. The Fourth Industrial Revolution is still at its beginning. We should have ongoing questions, what should we teach students in art subject and how are we going to provide them learning experiences for success?


Art and Design