Title

Molecular and Electronic Structures of M2O7 (M = Mn, Tc, Re)

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2017

Publication Title

Inorganic Chemistry

Volume

56

Issue

5

First page number:

2448

Last page number:

2458

Abstract

The molecular and electronic structures of the group 7 heptoxides were investigated by computational methods as both isolated molecules and in the solid-state. The metal-oxygen-metal bending angle of the single molecule increased with increasing atomic number, with Re2O7 preferring a linear structure. Natural bond orbital and localized orbital bonding analyses indicate that there is a three-center covalent bond between the metal atoms and the bridging oxygen, and the increasing ionic character of the bonds favors larger bond angles. The calculations accurately reproduce the experimental crystal structures within a few percent. Analysis of the band structures and density of states shows similar bonding for all of the solid-state heptoxides, including the presence of the three-center covalent bond. DFT+U simulations show that PBE-D3 underpredicts the band gap by ∼0.2 eV due to an undercorrelation of the metal d conducting states. Homologue and compression studies show that Re2O7 adopts a polymeric structure because the Re-oxide tetrahedra are easily distorted by packing stresses to form additional three-center covalent bonds. © 2017 American Chemical Society.

Language

english

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