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Technetium carbonates complexes produced by chemical, electrochemical and radiolytic methods have been studied by UV-Visible, X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS) and Density Functional Theory methods. The (NH4)2TcCl6 salt was dissolved in 2 M KHCO3. The resulting purple solution was analyzed by XAFS and UV-Visible spectroscopy. The UV-Visible spectra exhibits a band centered at 515 nm. The XAFS results were consistent with the presence of polymeric species containing the [Tc2(μ−O)2]4+ core coordinated to carbonate ligand. Concerning the electrochemical methods, the pertechnetate anion was electrochemically reduced in concentrated carbonate solution [(CO32−)=5 M and (HCO3−)=0.5 M]. For the radiolytic reduction, the speciation of Tc under Helium ions particle beam and γ radiation was examined by UV-Visible and XAFS spectroscopy in high concentrated carbonate media. In concentrated carbonate solutions, pertechnetate as Tc(VII), was not reduced under irradiation due to the formation of carbonate radical which is a strong oxidant. Then, the solution proposed was the addition of formate to the solution which can scavenge hydroxyl radical 10 times faster than carbonate and prevent re-oxidation of reduced technetium. The XANES and EXAFS spectroscopies, approved by theoretical methods, revealed that the final product of the radiolytic reduction of pertechnetate is in the +IV oxidation state. The final structure of the reduced product by He2+ radiolysis was the same as electrochemical reduction. From this complex determination and evolution vs. the dose, this study is reporting the solubility of the Tc(IV) complex.
Carbonate; Technetium speciation; X-ray absorption spectroscopies; α-radiation; γ-radiation
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Speciation of Technetium in Carbonate Media under Helium Ions and γ Radiation.