Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Radiochimica Acta

First page number:


Last page number:



Technetium carbonates complexes produced by chemical, electrochemical and radiolytic methods have been studied by UV-Visible, X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS) and Density Functional Theory methods. The (NH4)2TcCl6 salt was dissolved in 2 M KHCO3. The resulting purple solution was analyzed by XAFS and UV-Visible spectroscopy. The UV-Visible spectra exhibits a band centered at 515 nm. The XAFS results were consistent with the presence of polymeric species containing the [Tc2(μ−O)2]4+ core coordinated to carbonate ligand. Concerning the electrochemical methods, the pertechnetate anion was electrochemically reduced in concentrated carbonate solution [(CO32−)=5 M and (HCO3−)=0.5 M]. For the radiolytic reduction, the speciation of Tc under Helium ions particle beam and γ radiation was examined by UV-Visible and XAFS spectroscopy in high concentrated carbonate media. In concentrated carbonate solutions, pertechnetate as Tc(VII), was not reduced under irradiation due to the formation of carbonate radical which is a strong oxidant. Then, the solution proposed was the addition of formate to the solution which can scavenge hydroxyl radical 10 times faster than carbonate and prevent re-oxidation of reduced technetium. The XANES and EXAFS spectroscopies, approved by theoretical methods, revealed that the final product of the radiolytic reduction of pertechnetate is in the +IV oxidation state. The final structure of the reduced product by He2+ radiolysis was the same as electrochemical reduction. From this complex determination and evolution vs. the dose, this study is reporting the solubility of the Tc(IV) complex.


Carbonate; Technetium speciation; X-ray absorption spectroscopies; α-radiation; γ-radiation



File Format


File Size

1.011 Kb




De Gruyter allows authors the use of the final published version of an article (publisher pdf) for self-archiving and/or archiving in an institutional repository (on a non-profit server) after an embargo period of 12 months after publication.

UNLV article access

Search your library

Included in

Chemistry Commons