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The thermal analysis behavior of C6H6N3[ReO4] was studied by simultaneous thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) up to 700 °C under argon. Such analysis afforded rhenium metal, which was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. XRD peak broadening due to crystallite size and lattice strain was analyzed by both Williamson-Hall (W-H) and Debye-Scherrer (D-S) methods. Efforts to isolate Re metal from the thermal treatment of benzotriazole (BTA = C6H5N3) with NH4ReO4 and Re2O7 under various atmospheres and temperatures are also reported. The results provide a significant insight into the chemistry of group VII transition metals, investigate the potential use of benzotriazole as a reducing agent for metal productions, and demonstrate a successful convenient method for rhenium metal production, which could be applied to other refractory metals.
Thermogravimetry; Calorimetry; rhenium; Metals
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Swift, A. J.,
Thermal Analysis of Benzotriazolium Perrhenate and Its Implication to Rhenium Metal.
ACS Omega, 6(40),