Prediction of Novel High-Pressure Structures of Magnesium Niobium Dihydride
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
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On the basis of a combination of the particle-swarm optimization technique and density functional theory (DFT), we explore the crystal structures of MgH2, NbH2, and MgNbH2 under high pressure. The enthalpy-pressure (H-P) diagrams indicate that the structural transition sequence of MgH2 is α → γ → δ → ϵ → ζ and that NbH2 transforms from the Fm3m phase to the Pnma phase at 47.80 GPa. However, MgNbH2 is unstable when the pressure is too low or too high. Two novel MgNbH2 structures, the hexagonal P6m2 phase and the orthorhombic Cmcm phase, are discovered, which are stable in the pressure ranges of 13.24-128.27 GPa and 128.27-186.77 GPa, respectively. The P6m2 phase of MgNbH2 consists of alternate layers of polymetric NbH6 and MgH6 triangular prisms, while the Cmcm phase contains distorted MgH6 trigonal prisms. The calculated elastic constants and phonon dispersions confirm that both phases are mechanically and dynamically stable. The analyses of density of states (DOS), electron localization function (ELF), and Bader charge demonstrate that a combination of ionic and metallic bonds exist in both P6m2 and Cmcm phases. We hope the newly predicted magnesium niobium dihydrides with desirable electronic properties will promote future experimental and theoretical studies on mixed main group-transition metal hydrides. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
Prediction of Novel High-Pressure Structures of Magnesium Niobium Dihydride.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 9(31),