Title

Scaffolded Academic Conversations: Access to 21st-Century Collaboration and Communication Skills

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-26-2018

Publication Title

Intervention in School and Clinic

First page number:

1

Last page number:

9

Abstract

Communication and collaboration are essential components of 21st-century learning skills. In response, national standards have increased attention on these competencies through rigorous speaking and listening requirements. Mastery of these standards is contingent on academic oral language development. Oral language not only is the foundation for communication and collaboration skills, but also plays a prominent role in students’ academic achievement. For students with disabilities, these standards pose specific challenges as they are often characterized as having poor oral language skills. The challenges are further compounded for students who are also learning English. Effective language instruction for students who are learning English includes multiple opportunities for lengthy interactions and incorporates instructional scaffolds to support language delays students with disabilities may have. This article presents an instructional sequence to scaffold academic conversations for students with disabilities who are learning English, leading toward grade-level speaking standards.

Keywords

Accommodations; Diversity; Instruction; Language; Learning disabilities; Linguistic

Disciplines

Disability and Equity in Education | Education

Language

English

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