Environmental Market Factors Associated with Physician Career Satisfaction

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Journal of Healthcare Management





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Previous research has found that physician career satisfaction is declining, but no study has examined the relationship between market factors and physician career satisfaction. Using a theoretical framework, we examined how various aspects of the market environment (e.g., munificence, dynamism, complexity) are related to overall career satisfaction. Nationally representative data from the 2008 Health Tracking Physician Survey were combined with environmental market variables from the 2008 Area Resource File. After controlling for physician and practice characteristics, at least one variable each representing munificence, dynamism, and complexity was associated with satisfaction. An increase in the market number of primary care physicians per capita was positively associated with physician career satisfaction (OR = 2.11, 95% CI: 1.13 to 3.9) whereas an increase in the number of specialists per capita was negatively associated with physician satisfaction (OR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.48 to 0.97). Moreover, an increase in poverty rates was negatively associated with physician career satisfaction (OR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.91 to 1.01). Lastly, physicians practicing in states with a malpractice crisis (OR = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.68 to 0.96) and/or those who perceived high competition in their markets (OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.61 to 0.95) had lower odds of being satisfied. A better understanding of an organization's environment could assist healthcare managers in shaping their policies and strategies to increase physician satisfaction.


Burnout; Professional/etiology; Burnout; Professional/prevention & control; Burnout; Professional/psychology; Burnout (Psychology); Cross-Sectional Studies; Delivery of Health Care/economics; Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration; Delivery of Health Care/trends; Female; Humans; Interprofessional Relations; Job Satisfaction; Male; Malpractice/economics; Malpractice/legislation & jurisprudence; Malpractice/trends; Organizational Culture; Physicians – Job satisfaction; Physicians/classification; Physicians/economics; Physicians/psychology; Physicians; Primary Care/economics; Physicians; Primary Care/supply & distribution; Physicians; Primary Care/trends; Primary care (Medicine); Reimbursement Mechanisms/trends; Specialization/economics; Specialization/statistics & numerical data; Specialization/trends; United States


Health and Medical Administration | Primary Care | Work, Economy and Organizations




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