Suicide prevention is complex and necessary at many levels. One obvious suicide prevention strategy includes supporting healthy childhood environments in which child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, and substance abuse are absent. Suicide prevention demands individual-level prevention and broader public health strategies that reduce the likelihood of suicide before individuals become vulnerable or before vulnerable individuals engage in suicidal behaviors. Current knowledge suggests reaching individuals early when developmental patterns leading to problematic behaviors in youth and psychiatric symptoms can be prevented or changed. Suicide prevention includes surveillance of suicidal acts to determine patterns and intervention points. The best suicide prevention incorporates multiple interventions at different levels because of overlapping of risk and protective factors across many domains of influence.
Mental health services; Public health; Suicidal behavior; Suicide; Suicide--Psychological aspects; Suicide—Prevention; Suicide victims; Suicide victims--Family relationships
Community Health | Health Policy | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Public Health
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Suicidality: Prevention. In Claire M. Renzetti; Jeffrey L. Edleson,
Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Violence
Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.