Trends and Related Factors of Cannabis-Associated Emergency Department Visits in the United States: 2006-2014
Journal of Addiction Medicine
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Objectives: To examine national trends and contributing factors of cannabis-associated emergency department visits in the United States. Methods: This pooled serial cross-sectional study used a hierarchical multivariable analysis on emergency department visit adjusting for year, patient and hospital characteristics. We analyzed 2006 to 2014 National Emergency Department Sample data that identified cannabis-associated emergency department visits among patients aged 12 years or older (n = 265,128). Results: Cannabis-associated emergency department visits per 100,000 emergency department discharges increased monotonically (annually by 7%). As compared with privately insured patients, Medicare, and Medicaid, uninsured patients were over 40% more likely to visit emergency department. The age group 12 to 17 had the highest risk of emergency department visits and the risk monotonically declined as the age increased. Hospitals in the South region showed the highest cannabis-associated emergency department utilization, yet trends of cannabis-associated emergency department visits increased in the West region from 15.4% to 26% over time. Conclusions: Cannabis-associated emergency department visits increase monotonically over time. Although vulnerable persons were identified, additional policy or regional factors should explore risks of emergency department visits associated with cannabis use.
Cannabis; Emergency departments; Marijuana legalization; Medical marijuana; Region
Shen, J. J.,
Kim, P. C.,
Yoo, J. W.,
Trends and Related Factors of Cannabis-Associated Emergency Department Visits in the United States: 2006-2014.
Journal of Addiction Medicine, 13(3),