Trends of Hospital Palliative Care Utilization and Its Associated Factors Among Patients With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in the United States From 2005 to 2014

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American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care

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Objective: To investigate trends and associated factors of utilization of hospital palliative care among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and analyze its impact on length of hospital stay, hospital charges, and in-hospital mortality. Methods: Using the 2005-2014 National Inpatient Sample in the United States, the compound annual growth rate was used to investigate the temporal trend of utilization of hospital palliative care. Multivariate multilevel logistic regression analyses were performed to analyze the association with patient-related factors, hospital factors, length of stay, in-hospital mortality, and hospital charges. Results: The overall proportion of utilization of hospital palliative care for the patient with SLE was 0.6% over 10 years. It increased approximately 12-fold from 0.1% (2005) to 1.17% (2014). Hospital palliative care services were offered more frequently to older patients, patients with high severity illnesses, and in urban teaching hospitals or large size hospitals. Patients younger than 40 years, the lowest household income group, or Medicare beneficiaries less likely received palliative care during hospitalization. Hospital palliative care services were associated with increased length of stay (β = 1.407, P...) (See full abstract in article).


Hospital palliative care; Systemic lupus erythematosus; Length of hospital stay; In-hospital death; Hospices; Hospital charges


Palliative Care



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