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This study aimed to analyze the trends of opioid use disorders, cannabis use disorders, and palliative care among hospitalized patients with gastrointestinal cancer and to identify their associated factors. We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample data from 2005 to 2014 and included hospitalized patients with gastrointestinal cancers. The trends of hospital palliative care and opioid or cannabis use disorders were analyzed using the compound annual growth rates (CAGR) with Rao-Scott correction for χ2 tests. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the associated factors. From 2005 to 2014, among 4,364,416 hospitalizations of patients with gastrointestinal cancer, the average annual rates of opioid and cannabis use disorders were 0.4% (n = 19,520), and 0.3% (n = 13,009), respectively. The utilization rate of hospital palliative care was 6.2% (n = 268,742). They all sharply increased for 10 years (CAGR = 9.61%, 22.2%, and 21.51%, respectively). The patients with a cannabis use disorder were over 4 times more likely to have an opioid use disorder (Odds ratios, OR = 4.029...) (See full abstract in article).
Cannabis use disorders; Gastrointestinal neoplasms; Hospital charges; In-hospital mortality; Opioid use disorders; Palliative care
Gastroenterology | Oncology | Public Health
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Shen, J. J.,
Kim, S. J.,
Kim, P. C.,
Lee, S. W.,
Yoo, J. W.
Opioid Use Disorders and Hospital Palliative Care Among Patients With Gastrointestinal Cancers: Ten-Year Trend and Associated Factors in the U.S. From 2005 to 2014.