Sociocultural Factors Associated with Awareness of Palliative Care and Advanced Care Planning among Asian Populations
Ethnicity and Disease
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Objective: Underutilization of palliative care (PC) among racial/ethnic minorities remains consistent despite projected demand. The purpose of this study was to examine knowledge of palliative care and advanced care planning (ACP) and potential variations among subgroups of Asian Americans. Design: A survey was conducted to collect information about awareness, knowledge, and perspective of PC and ACP in the southwestern region of the United States, from October 2018 to February 2019. A total of 212 surveys were collected from the general public at such places as health fairs, New Year celebration events, church, and community centers; 154 surveys were included in the descriptive and multivariate data analysis. Results: About 46.1% and 40.3% participants reported having heard of palliative care and advanced care planning, respectively. The average score of the Knowledge of Care Options Instrument (KOCO) was 6.03 out of 11 and the average score of the Palliative Care Knowledge Scale (PaCKS) was 4.38 out of 13. Among those who have heard of PC, both Chinese (odds ratio (OR) .19[Cl, .05, .73]) and Vietnamese (.22 [.06, .84]) were less likely to have heard of palliative care compared with Filipinos (1.00). Among those who have ever heard of advanced care planning, age (.60 [.43, .84]) was negatively and education level (1.91 [1.18, 3.08]) was positively associated with awareness about advanced care planning. The majority of survey participants preferred family members to serve as their power attorneys. Conclusion: The low levels of palliative care and advanced care planning awareness and knowledge in the diverse Asian groups living in the United States raise concerns and shed light on the critical need for culturally appropriate education programs.
Palliative Care; Advanced Care Planning; Asian; Sociocultural
Medicine and Health Sciences | Public Health
Shen, J. J.,
Yoo, J. W.,
Kim, S. K.,
Sociocultural Factors Associated with Awareness of Palliative Care and Advanced Care Planning among Asian Populations.
Ethnicity and Disease, 30(3),