Design Guidelines and Recommendations for Multimodal, Touchscreen-based Graphics
ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS)
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With content rapidly moving to the electronic space, access to graphics for individuals with visual impairments is a growing concern. Recent research has demonstrated the potential for representing basic graphical content on touchscreens using vibrations and sounds, yet few guidelines or processes exist to guide the design of multimodal, touchscreen-based graphics. In this work, we seek to address this gap by synergizing our collective research efforts over the past eight years and implementing our findings into a compilation of recommendations, which we validate through an iterative design process and user study. We start by reviewing previous work and then collate findings into a set of design guidelines for generating basic elements of touchscreen-based multimodal graphics. We then use these guidelines to generate exemplary graphics in mathematics, specifically bar charts and geometry concepts. We discuss the iterative design process of moving from guidelines to actual graphics and highlight challenges. We then present a formal user study with 22 participants with visual impairments, comparing learning performance on using touchscreen-rendered graphics to embossed graphics. We conclude with qualitative feedback from participants on the touchscreen-based approach and offer areas of future investigation as these recommendation are expanded to include more complex graphical concepts.
Usability Testing; Accessibility Technologies; Accessibility Systems and Tools
Computer Sciences | Physical Sciences and Mathematics
Gorlewicz, J. L.,
Tennison, J. L.,
Uesbeck, P. M.,
Richard, M. E.,
Palani, H. P.,
Smith, D. W.,
Giudice, N. A.
Design Guidelines and Recommendations for Multimodal, Touchscreen-based Graphics.
ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS), 13(3),