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miR-365 is a microRNA that regulates transcription and has been demonstrated to promote oncogenesis and metastasis in some cancers while suppressing these effects in others. Virtually no information is known about the presence or function of miR-365 in oral cancers. Based upon this information, the primary goal of this project was to evaluate the expression of miR-365 in existing oral cancer cell lines. Five commercially available oral cancer cell lines (SCC4, SCC9, SCC15, SCC25, and CAL27) were obtained and cultured. RNA was then screened by PCR using primers specific for miR-365, as well as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2) and a downstream cancer stem cell regulator (NKX2.1), and structural and metabolic standards (beta actin, GAPDH). miR-365 was detected among these oral cancers, and some cells also expressed NKX2.1 and MMP-2, which correlated with miR-365 levels. The relative expression of miR-365, NKX2.1, and MMP-2 RNA was higher than expected. Transfection of miR-365 resulted in a significant increase in proliferation, which was not observed in the negative controls. These data appear to confirm miR-365 expression in oral cancers, which may also be correlated with MMP-2 and NKX2.1 expression. Moreover, the fastest growing oral cancers with the highest viability produced the most miR-365. In addition, miR-365 transfected into cells significantly increased growth, even in normal cells. More research is needed to elucidate the pathways responsible for these observations.
MicroRNA; MiR-365; Oral cancer
Oral Biology and Oral Pathology
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Assessment of MicroRNA (Mir)-365 Effects on Oral Squamous Carcinoma Cell Line Phenotypes.