Longitudinal Curricular Assessment of Knowledge and Awareness of Intimate Partner Violence Among First-Year Dental Students
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has previously been recognized as a major public health issue. Oral healthcare providers, such as dentists, are crucial to the screening and identifying of individuals experiencing IPV, since most injuries occur in the head and neck region. A lack of knowledge and awareness regarding teaching and learning about IPV in dental school curricula has been identified. Based upon the overall lack of knowledge, the objective of this study was to conduct a longitudinal assessment of knowledge, awareness, and beliefs regarding IPV among dental students in their first year of education. Methods: All students (n = 245) from three consecutive, first-year dental student cohorts (n = 81, n = 82, n = 82) were provided a brief and voluntary in-class survey in conjunction with an instructional workshop. The survey included questions designed to ascertain knowledge, awareness, and beliefs regarding IPV as a healthcare and dental issue before and after the instructional session. Differences in responses to the questions before and after the IPV educational workshop were measured using paired t-tests. Results: A total of n = 232 completed pre-and post-responses were received from all three first-year dental student cohorts (n = 76, n = 80, n = 76), representing an overall 94.6% response rate. Analysis of these data showed that the student population was predominantly male and white (non-minority), aged in their mid-to late twenties, with most students reporting no previous IPV education. The few students reporting previous IPV education were mainly younger (<25 >years), which may represent more recent endeavors to increase awareness of IPV among students currently attending colleges and universities. Conclusions: The results of this study may suggest that information-specific seminars within the curriculum might be adequate to provide dental students with awareness and knowledge of IPV and specific information regarding local resources and referrals for any patients experiencing IPV.
Dental student survey; Domestic violence (DV); Intimate partner violence (IPV)
Dentistry | Domestic and Intimate Partner Violence | Interprofessional Education
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Longitudinal Curricular Assessment of Knowledge and Awareness of Intimate Partner Violence Among First-Year Dental Students.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(11),
Dentistry Commons, Domestic and Intimate Partner Violence Commons, Interprofessional Education Commons