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A significant number of processing cores in any many-core systems nowadays and likely in the future have to be switched off or forced to be idle to become dark cores, in light of ever increasing power density and chip temperature. Although these dark cores cannot make direct contributions to the chip's throughput, they can still be allocated to applications currently running in the system for the sole purpose of heat dissipation enabled by the temperature gradient between the active and dark cores. However, allocating dark cores to applications tends to add extra waiting time to applications yet to be launched, which in return can have adverse implications on the overall system performance. Another big issue related to dark core allocation stems from the fact that application characteristics are prone to undergo rapid changes at runtime, making a fixed dark core allocation scheme less desirable. In this paper, a runtime dark core allocation and dynamic adjustment scheme is thus proposed. Built upon a dynamic programming network (DPN) framework, the proposed scheme attempts to optimize the performance of currently running applications and simultaneously reduce waiting times of incoming applications by taking into account both thermal issues and geometric shapes of regions formed by the active/dark cores. The experimental results show that the proposed approach achieves an average of 61% higher throughput than the two state-of-the-art thermal-aware runtime task mapping approaches, making it the runtime resource management of choice in many-core systems.
Task analysis; Runtime; Resource management; Dynamic scheduling; System performance; Throughput; Heating systems; Dark core; Many-core; Dynamic resource allocation; Throughput optimization
Computer Sciences | Databases and Information Systems | Electrical and Electronics | Engineering | Physical Sciences and Mathematics
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Singh, A. K.,
Dynamic Allocation/Reallocation of Dark Cores in Many-Core Systems for Improved System Performance.
IEEE Access, 8