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© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. part of Springer Nature. The paper presents a generalized composite noncertainty-equivalence adaptive control system for the control of a prototypical aeroelastic wing section using a single trailing-edge control surface. The plunge–pitch (two-degree-of-freedom) dynamics of this aeroelastic system include torsional pitch-axis nonlinearity. The open-loop system exhibits limit cycle oscillations beyond a critical free-stream velocity. It is assumed that parameters of the model are not known. The objective is to suppress the oscillatory responses of the system. Based on the immersion and invariance approach, a generalized composite noncertainty-equivalence adaptive (NCEA) control system for regulation of the pitch angle is designed. The control system consists of a control module and a composite parameter identifier—designed independently. The composite integral parameter estimation law is based on (1) the immersion and invariance (I&I) theory, (2) gradient-based adaptation algorithm, and (3) classical certainty-equivalence adaptive (CEA) update rule. Besides the composite integral component, the full parameter estimate also includes a judiciously chosen nonlinear algebraic function. This composite identifier inherits stronger stability properties. Using the Lyapunov analysis, asymptotic suppression of the limit cycle oscillations and the boundedness of system trajectories are established. Interestingly, in the closed-loop system including the composite update rule, there exist two attractive manifolds to which the system’s trajectories converge. Simulation results are presented which show the suppression of the oscillatory plunge displacement and pitch angle responses despite uncertainties in the model parameters. Furthermore, the performance and stability properties of this composite NCEA control system—including the gradient-based adaptation and the update rule of the CEA system—are better than the simple NCEA system.
Aeroelastic system; Composite adaptive control; Identifier; Immersion and invariance; Limit cycle oscillation; Noncertainty-equivalence adaptive control; Nonlinear adaptive control
Controls and Control Theory | Electrical and Computer Engineering
Generalized Composite Noncertainty-Equivalence Adaptive Control of a Prototypical Wing Section With Torsional Nonlinearity.
Nonlinear Dynamics, 103
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