Abnormality Detection in Brain MR Images Using Minimum Error Thresholding Method

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Medical image segmentation plays an instrumental role in clinical diagnosis. An ideal medical image segmentation scheme should possess some preferred properties such as minimum user interaction, fast computation, and accurate and robust segmentation results. In this paper, an automated algorithm is proposed to enable the doctors to detect the presence of abnormal tissues in brain magnetic resonance images (MRIs). The merged image of different weighted images of each slice is obtained by averaging the intensities of pixels and is enhanced based on their local information by variance mapping. The abnormal regions are segmented by using minimum error thresholding method by formulating a criterion function. The segmentation is performed on the real data of MRI images for different abnormalities and the results are compared with radiologist labeled ground truth. Quantitative analysis between ground truth and segmented abnormal region is presented in terms of Percent Match and Correspondence Ratio. A maximum average percent match of 98.56% and correspondence ratio of 0.8892 of an MRI data is obtained.


Algorithms--Data processing; Image analysis; Image segmentation; Magnetic resonance imaging; Minimum error thresholding


Bioimaging and Biomedical Optics | Diagnosis | Electrical and Electronics | Signal Processing | Systems and Communications


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