Title

Self-Efficacy and Interest as Synergistic Mechanisms of Personal Agency: A Social Cognitive View

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

4-21-2020

Publication Title

American Educational Research Association

First page number:

1

Last page number:

1

Abstract

Although social cognitive theories (e.g., SCCT) posits that person factors, such as self-efficacy and interest, should interact in predicting salient outcome, the empirical status of such multiplicative effects remains unresolved largely due to a scholarly preoccupation with additive-effects models. We proposed and tested an interaction effects model in which science self-efficacy and interest were specified to interact in their effect on science achievement. Drawing on data from almost 6000 secondary school students, support was found for a synergistic interaction effects model. Above and beyond first-order effects, self-efficacy and interest showed a synergistic interaction, such that the positive self-efficacy-achievement association was enhanced under conditions of high interest. Notably, the model was found to generalize across females and males.

Keywords

Social cognitive theories; Self-efficacy; Interaction effect model; Data collection; Synergistic interaction

Disciplines

Categorical Data Analysis | Physical Sciences and Mathematics | Statistics and Probability

Language

English


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