An Evaluation of Lead Concentrations in Plastic Toys located in Day Care centers in Las Vegas, Nevada
Childhood exposure to environmental lead continues to be a major health concern. This study examined lead content within the plastic of children's toys collected from licensed day care centers in the Las Vegas valley, Nevada. It was hypothesized that the use of lead as a plastics stabilizer would result in elevated lead (≥600 ppm) in polyvinyl chloride plastics (PVC) compared to non-PVC plastics. It was also hypothesized that, due to the use of lead chromate as a coloring agent, yellow toys would contain higher concentrations of lead (≥600 ppm) than toys of other colors. Toy samples were limited to those found in day care centers in Las Vegas, Nevada. 10 day care centers were visited and approximately 50 toy samples were taken from each center. Of the 535 toys tested, 29 contained lead in excess of 600 parts per million (ppm). Of those 29 toys, 20 were PVC and 17 were yellow. Both of the two hypotheses were strongly supported by the data.
Contamination; Day care centers; Lead; Lead poisoning in children – Prevention; Plastic toys; Polyvinyl chloride; PVC
Community-Based Research | Environmental Public Health | Medicine and Health | Toxicology
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Greenway, J. A.,
An Evaluation of Lead Concentrations in Plastic Toys located in Day Care centers in Las Vegas, Nevada.
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 85(4),