HIV Risk Characteristics Associated with Violence Against Women: A Longitudinal Study Among Women in the United States
Journal of Women's Health
Background: Using data from HIV Prevention Trials Network 064, a multisite, observational cohort study conducted to estimate HIV incidence rates among women living in areas of high poverty and HIV prevalence in the United States, we examined the use of HIV risk characteristics to predict emotional abuse, physical violence, and forced sex. Methods: Participants included 2099 women, 18–44 years of age, who reported unprotected vaginal or anal sex with a male partner and an additional personal or perceived male partner HIV risk characteristic in the past 6 months. Adjusting for time-varying covariates, generalized estimating equations were used to assess the ability of HIV risk characteristics to predict violence 6 months later. Results: Reported analyses were limited to the 1980 study participants who reported having a male sex partner at that assessment. Exchanging sex, perceived partner concurrency, and perceived partner incarceration were significantly predictive of emotional abuse 6 months later (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 1.60; 1.59; 1.34, respectively). Prior sexually transmitted infection diagnosis, exchanging sex, and binge drinking were significantly predictive of physical violence 6 months later (AOR: 1.62; 1.71; 1.47, respectively). None of the variables measured was significantly predictive of forced sex. Conclusions: Strategies that address reducing violence against women should be studied further in the context of HIV prevention programs.
HIV risk factors; Longitudinal analysis; Violence against women
Montgomery, B. E.,
Frew, P. M.,
Hughes, J. P.,
Adimora, A. A.,
Haley, D. F.,
Hodder, S. L.
HIV Risk Characteristics Associated with Violence Against Women: A Longitudinal Study Among Women in the United States.
Journal of Women's Health, 27(11),