Multilevel Factors Influencing Hepatitis B Screening and Vaccination among Vietnamese Americans in Atlanta, Georgia
Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
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Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may lead to liver cirrhosis, chronic liver disease, and liver cancer. Immunization rates are suboptimal among Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders (AAPIs), who remain disproportionately affected by these illnesses. We investigated socioecological factors affecting HBV prevention among 316 Vietnamese Americans in Atlanta, Georgia. Social and community support of HBV vaccination was associated with screening (OR=1.69, 95% CI [1.21,2.38]), vaccination (OR=1.89, [1.27,2.81]), and intent to vaccinate (OR=1.77, [1.13,2.78]). Misconceptions decreased screening likelihood (OR=0.67, [0.46,0.99]) and vaccination (OR=0.55, [0.35,0.86]). Those able to pay for medical treatment (OR=1.23, [1.01,1.50]) were also more likely immunized, and greater transportation access (OR=1.42, [1.07,1.87]) was associated with greater intention to vaccinate. Multi-level factors facilitated HBV vaccination in this population. Tailored, culturally appropriate communication strategies will positively influence immunization uptake.
Hepatitis B; Vaccine acceptability; Vaccine refusal; Health disparities; Community attitudes; Community intervention; Asian Americans; Vietnamese American
Frew, P. M.,
Saint-Victor, D. S.,
Nguyen, M. L.
Multilevel Factors Influencing Hepatitis B Screening and Vaccination among Vietnamese Americans in Atlanta, Georgia.
Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 87(4),