Thematic Analysis for Fruits and Vegetable Consumption Behavior Among Asian Americans

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

APHA's 2020 VIRTUAL Annual Meeting and Expo

First page number:


Last page number:



Background: Consumption of fruits and vegetables (F & V) is an important health behavior that prevents cancer, obesity, heart disease, stroke, digestive problems and has positive effects on blood sugar. It is recommended that all adults consume five or more cups of F & V per day. However, the literature on F & V consumption among Asian Americans (AA) is sparse. Purpose: The study aimed to conduct a thematic analysis based on a scoping review of the literature in the past 10 years regarding the prevalence, consequences, determinants, and interventions for F & V consumption among AA. Methods: A literature search in MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Google Scholar yielded 20 peer-reviewed journal articles that were published in the past 10 years on the topic. Results: A total of 10 studies reported prevalence of recommended F & V consumption behavior and it ranged from 9.7% to 19%. Three studies looked at the consequences of F & V and it was found that correlations between the consumption of F & V and BMI were strongly negative and significant associations were found between F & V intake and self-reported health. Five studies looked at the determinants and only one utilized a theoretical framework of the transtheoretical model. There was only one interventional study that was done with older Chinese Americans. Discussion: AA constitute a diverse group and as their population continues to grow there is an urgent need to study F & V consumption behavior among different AA groups and design theory-based efficacious interventions.


Fruit and vegetables consumption; Health behavior; Asian Americans; Blood sugar; Thematic analysis


Medicine and Health Sciences | Public Health | Public Health Education and Promotion



Search your library