Plasma Fluorescent Oxidation Products and Bone Mineral Density Among Male Veterans: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Journal of Clinical Densitometry


In vitro and vivo studies indicate that oxidative stress contributes to bone loss. Fluorescent oxidation products (FlOPs) are novel biomarkers of oxidative stress; they reflect global oxidative damage of lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, and DNA. However, whether FlOPs are associated with bone mineral density (BMD) is still unclear. In the present study, we examined the association between FlOPs and BMD among male veterans. This cross-sectional study was conducted among participants recruited from the Department of Medical Examination, The Second Hospital of Jilin University in Jilin, China. We identified male veterans who were at least 50 y old between June and October of 2019. Plasma FlOPs were measured with a fluorescent microplate reader (excitation/emission wavelength: 320/420 nm). BMD were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The association between FlOPs and BMD was tested by multivariable linear regression models. A total of 164 male veterans were enrolled in the study, the average age was 56.6 y. After adjusting for covariates, veterans who had FlOP levels in the highest tertile had a statistically significant lower femoral neck (β = -0.044; p = 0.007) and total hip BMD (β = -0.045; p = 0.020) as compared to those with FlOP levels in the lowest tertile. Similar results were found when FlOPs were treated as a continuous variable (per 1-SD increase, β = -0.014 and p = 0.033 for femoral neck BMD; β = -0.016 and p = 0.047 for total hip BMD). Higher FlOP levels were associated with lower BMD among male veterans.


Bone mineral density; Fluorescent oxidation products; Male veterans; Oxidative stress


Design of Experiments and Sample Surveys | Molecular Biology

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