Review of Ozone for Water Reuse Applications: Toxicity, Regulations, and Trace Organic Contaminant Oxidation

Document Type



Increased public awareness, potential human health effects, and demonstrated impacts on aquatic ecosystems have stimulated recent interest in pharmaceuticals, personal care products (PPCPs), and endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) in water and wastewater. Due to the potential public and environmental health implications, some agencies are taking a proactive approach to controlling trace organic contaminant (TOrC) concentrations in water supplies. This review describes some of the research related to the toxicity and estrogenicity of wastewater-derived TOrCs in addition to regulatory guidance from several international agencies. This review also evaluates pilot- and full-scale studies to characterize the efficacy of ozonation for TOrC mitigation in wastewater applications.


Endocrine disrupting chemicals in water; Endocrine-Disrupting Compounds (EDCs); Full-Scale; Ozone; Pharmaceuticals; Pilot-Scale; Toxicity; Water – Pollution; Water – Purification – Ozonization; Water quality; Water Reuse


Civil and Environmental Engineering | Community-Based Learning | Environmental Engineering | Environmental Health and Protection | Environmental Public Health | Environmental Sciences | Fresh Water Studies | Medicine and Health | Natural Resources and Conservation | Natural Resources Management and Policy | Water Resource Management


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