Title

Vulnerability of Disproportionate Collapse in Older Flat Plate Buildings Subjected to Sudden Removal of a Bearing Column

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

2013

Publication Title

Structures Congress 2013: Bridging Your Passion with Your Profession

Publisher

ASCE

First page number:

2814

Last page number:

2823

Abstract

A macro model is proposed for disproportionate collapse analysis of reinforced concrete flat-plate structures. The macro model consists of connector beam elements for the slab near columns and shell elements for the slab outside critical sections. The macro model simulates the complex behavior associated with flexure, shear, torsion, punching failure, and failure propagation. The model is first validated by test results of slab-column connections subjected to different loading conditions and then applied to the collapse analysis of an older flat-plate building. By nonlinear dynamic and static analyses, the impact of dynamic loading on slab local force and deformation demands is examined. The analyses reveal that older flat plate buildings are highly venerable to disproportionate collapse when a support column is suddenly removed. Additionally, both the dynamic increase factor for vertical displacement at the lost column and that for slab rotation at the critical neighboring slab-column connection are greater than 2.

Keywords

Columns; Concrete; Concrete beams; Concrete slabs; Concrete structures; Plates; Reinforced concrete; Reinforced concrete construction; Structural failures

Disciplines

Civil and Environmental Engineering | Civil Engineering | Construction Engineering and Management | Structural Engineering

Language

English

Permissions

Use Find in Your Library, contact the author, or interlibrary loan to garner a copy of the item. Publisher policy does not allow archiving the final published version. If a post-print (author's peer-reviewed manuscript) is allowed and available, or publisher policy changes, the item will be deposited.

Identifier

DOI: 10.1061/9780784412848.245

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