Performance Characterization of a Novel Marsh Shoreline Protection Technology: The Wave Suppression and Sediment Collection (WSSC) System
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Minimizing coastal wetland loss is a high priority in coastal areas worldwide. Typical shoreline protection consists of hard structures placed near areas affected by wave action. These commonly used protection methods are costly, and may have negative impacts on the surrounding areas. The Wave Suppression and Sediment Collection (WSSC) system, made of multiple Wave Robber® units, is an alternative shoreline protection structure. The primary goal of this study is to determine the performance characteristics of the technology in terms of energy coefficients. Experiments were performed on three scaled units within a laboratory wave tank. Performance characterization showed that the units have wave energy reflections of 0.47–0.83, transmission ranging from 0.10 to 0.42, and wave energy dissipation between 0.49 and 0.88, depending upon unit geometry and wave conditions. Performance data were also compared to other studies on shoreline protection structures. WSSC units reflect more wave energy and transmit less energy compared to other breakwater systems. These units could be utilized in coastal marshes with a large fetch, to reduce wave-induced erosion.
Breakwater; Performance characteristics; Shoreline protection; Wave attentuation; Wave reflection; Wave transmission
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Performance Characterization of a Novel Marsh Shoreline Protection Technology: The Wave Suppression and Sediment Collection (WSSC) System.
Ocean Engineering, 154