Impact of Urban Development on Flooding: A Case Study of Flamingo and Tropicana Watershed, Clark County

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

Watershed Management 2020


Las Vegas valley has undergone significant development, thus increasing urban flooding. This study analyzes the impacts of urban development on urban flooding in the Flamingo watershed by using a watershed model. The input data includes precipitation, soil characteristics, elevation, and land cover. Urban development is incorporated through increasing percent impervious. Sub-watersheds and streamlines were delineated in ArcGIS using digital elevation model (DEM) dataset. Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) curve-number method was used for the calculation of runoff. The Hydrologic Engineering Center-Hydrologic Management System (HEC-HMS) was used to estimate the discharge hydrograph. The model was calibrated through changing the curve number of the sub-basins. Two urbanization scenarios created with a 5% and 10% increase in impervious surfaces were generated. The results showed that peak discharge occurred earlier due to increase in impervious surfaces. Moreover, the total discharge volume and peak discharge for a given storm event were increasing due to increased imperviousness from urbanization. This study provides useful insight into a hydrological response to urban development that can be helpful in flood remediation.


Urban Studies and Planning | Water Resource Management



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