The Impact of Go-Shop Provisions in Merger Agreements
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We examine whether go-shop provisions in merger agreements are used to benefit target shareholders or for agency/entrenchment reasons. We find that go-shop provisions are more likely in deals involving the negotiation selling method, financial buyers and all cash financing, and in targets with less valuation uncertainty. We confirm that go-shops have a positive association with the initial offer premium. Results suggest that deals with go-shop provisions are more likely to have a competing bid and an upward revision of the initial offer premium. Collectively, our results indicate that go-shops are effective contractual devices used to further target shareholder interests. © 2016 Financial Management Association International.
The Impact of Go-Shop Provisions in Merger Agreements.
Financial Management, 46(1),