Hospitalists as a Staffing Innovation: Does it Impact Hospital Efficiency

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Background: The use of "hospitalists", a staffing innovation introduced in the US health care system in the mid-1990s, has grown rapidly in recent years. These hospital-based physicians have been found to be more efficient (reduced length of stay and costs) compared to their nonhospitalist counterparts. However, these studies have generally been conducted on single teaching or pediatric hospitals.