The Moderating Roles of Follower Conscientiousness and Agreeableness on the Relationship Between Peer Transparency and Follower Transparency

Cass Shum, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Anthony Gatling, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Laura Book, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Billy Bai, University of Nevada, Las Vegas


Transparency is an underpinning of workplace ethics. However, most of the existing research has focused on the relationship between leader transparency and its consequences. Drawing on social and self-regulation theory research, we examine the antecedents of followers’ transparency. Specifically, we propose that followers have higher levels of transparency when they are working with peers who have a high level of transparency. We further suggest that followers’ conscientiousness and agreeableness moderate the relationship between peer transparency and followers’ transparency. Using a time-lagged design, we provide support for the proposed theoretical model. We found that follower conscientiousness substitutes the social regulation effect (embodied in the relationship between peer and follower transparency), while follower agreeableness enhances this social regulation effect. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are also discussed.