Detriments In Neuron Morphology Following Heavy Ion Irradiation: What’s The Target?
Radiation Protection Dosimetry
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Neuron cells consist of the soma or cell body, axons, dendritic arbor with multiple branches, and dendritic spines which are the substrates for memory storage and synaptic transmission. Detriments in neuron morphology are suggested to play a key role in cognitive impairments following brain irradiation. Multiple molecular mechanisms are involved in the regulation and stability of neuron morphology, while the effects of radiation on these processes have not been studied extensively. In this report, we consider possible biological targets in neurons for energy deposition (ED) by charged particles that could lead to neuron morphology detriments, and the resulting dose and radiation quality dependence of such detriments. The track structures of heavy ions including high charge and energy (HZE) particles consists of core of high-ED events and a penumbra of sparse ED from δ-ray electrons produced in ionization of target molecules. We consider the role of track structure relative to possible targets causative in the degradation of morphology.
Neurology | Radiation Medicine
Cucinotta, F. A.,
Cacao, M. A.
Detriments In Neuron Morphology Following Heavy Ion Irradiation: What’s The Target?.
Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 183(2019-01-02),