Beyond the dipole approximation: angular-distribution effects in valence photoemission

Document Type



Angular distributions of valence photoelectrons showing effects due to higher-multipole photon interactions have been measured for the first time. Neon 2s and 2p photoemission exhibits effects beyond the dipole approximation throughout the 250 - 1200 eV photon-energy range studied. The results suggest that any photoemission experiment, on any sample, can be affected at relatively low photon energies, pointing to a general need for caution in interpreting angle-resolved-photoemission measurements.


Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics | Physical Chemistry


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