Defects characterization of welded specimens by transmission electron microscopy
Materials Science and Engineering A
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Austenitic Type 304L stainless steel (SS) and martensitic Alloy EP-823 have been identiﬁed as candidate structural materials to contain spallation target for transmutation of nuclear waste. Welded specimens consisting of either or both materials have been evaluated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to determine the dislocation density near the heat-affected-zone (HAZ) and the base material. The results indicate that the average dislocation density determined from the TEM micrographs taken at different locations was much higher near HAZ compared to that of the base material. Further, the estimated dislocation density was higher on the Alloy EP-823 side of the weld than that of the Type 304L SS side possibly due to the faster rate of solidiﬁcation of the martensitic alloy. Higher dislocation density is an indication of enhanced residual stress resulting from the welding operation.
Austenitic stainless steel; Dislocation density; Martensite; Martensitic stainless steel; Residual stresses; TEM; Transmission electron microscopes; Welded joints; Welded specimen
Analytical Chemistry | Chemistry | Metallurgy
Roy, A. K.,
Defects characterization of welded specimens by transmission electron microscopy.
Materials Science and Engineering A, 464(1-2),