The purpose of this collaborative research project involving the University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV), the Idaho State University (ISU), and the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is to evaluate the feasibility of determining residual stresses in cold-worked, plastically-deformed, and welded materials using a nondestructive method based on positron annihilation spectroscopy. This technique uses γ-rays from a small MeV electron Linac to generate positrons inside the sample via pair production. This method is known to have capabilities of characterizing defects in thick specimens, that could not be accomplished by conventional positron technique or other nondestructive methods. The generated data will be compared to those obtained by other methods such as neutron diffraction (for thin specimens) and ring-core (destructive) methods. During the initial phase, residual stresses induced in experimental heats of austenitic Type 304L stainless steel, and martensitic Alloy EP-823 will be determined by all three techniques. Later, irradiated materials may be evaluated.
Austenitic stainless steel; Deformations (Mechanics); Martensitic stainless steel; Nuclear reactors — Materials — Testing; Plasticity; Strains and stresses
Materials Science and Engineering | Mechanical Engineering | Metallurgy | Nuclear Engineering | Oil, Gas, and Energy
Roy, A. K.
Use of Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy for Stress-Strain Measurements: Quarterly Progress Report (June 1 – August 31, 2002).
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/hrc_trp_sciences_materials/107