The U.S. Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) is a program to develop economic and environmental methods to reduce the impact of waste from commercial nuclear fuel cycles. One concept for near-complete destruction of waste isotopes from used nuclear fuel is accelerator-driven transmutation. High-power accelerators would be used to produce high-energy charged particles, which then collide with heavy metal targets to create a cascade of neutrons. These neutrons then cause nuclear reactions in subcritical systems.
To design these systems, complex reactor physics computer codes and highly detailed data libraries are used to compute the reactivity of systems, reaction rates, destruction rates, and nuclear induced damage rates to materials. In this project, a Russian-built detector system was used to make measurements of neutrons generated in a central target by a variety of accelerators.
Accelerator-driven systems – Design and construction; Neutrons — Multiplicity; Radioactive wastes — Transmutation; Spallation (Nuclear physics)
Nuclear | Nuclear Engineering | Oil, Gas, and Energy
Neutron Multiplicity Measurements of Target/Blanket Materials.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/hrc_trp_sciences_physics/11