Dose coefficients permit simple determination of radiation dose associated with various exposure scenarios, and ultimately permit radiation safety personnel to assess the health risks to workers in a nuclear facility. Specifically, radiation safety personnel use dose coefficients to determine the radiation dose incurred to a tissue or organ system from a given exposure. These parameters are often expressed in terms of Annual Limits on Intake (ALIs) and Derived Air Concentrations (DACs).
The research consortium comprised of representatives from several universities and national laboratories has successfully generated internal and external dose conversion coefficients for twenty radionuclides produced in spallation neutron sources. These dose coefficients fill data gaps exist in Federal Guide Report No. 11 and in Publications 68 and 72 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), and two articles containing the data have been accepted for publication in the Journal of Health Physics. Currently, more nuclear data is needed for the rare radionuclides produced from a mercury target. While attempting to develop a workable plan to acquire this missing data, Q-value discrepancies were investigated and reported. A detailed plan was developed to start a research effort at Idaho State University to produce rare radionuclides. This process will allow for the investigation of the missing nuclear data needed to complete dose coefficients.
Accelerator-driven systems; Radiation dosimetry; Radioisotopes – Measurement; Spallation (Nuclear physics)
Health and Medical Physics | Nuclear
Patton, P. W.,
Development of Dose Coefficients for Radionuclides Produced in Spallation Targets.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/hrc_trp_sciences_physics/26